Per NFPA 10, burning may be classified into one or more of the following fire classes and your fire protection specialist will select the right fire extinguisher size and agent for the hazard. It is important to review fire extinguisher instructions regularly so you are familiar with its proper use should a fire ever occur. Fire Extinguishers. All Rights Reserved. Type BC: Carbon dioxide to be used on chemical or electrical fires Type K: Used in kitchens on grease fires. You can go back to the By Class page and to view your other class options. They can also be used on solid fuel fires but it is more common to use water or foam extinguishers for these. Buy ABC type fire extinguishers from VariExonline at an affordable price. A gasoline fire is a "flammable liquid" fire, and you would use a Class B (or ABC or BC) fire extinguisher. Here are some fire extinguisher types you need to know. A water mist extinguisher will safely eliminate the fire without causing damage to the equipment. Because fire grows and spreads so rapidly, the number one priority for residents is to get out safely. Knowing how to use this simple yet effective fire prevention tool is important for the protection of yourself and others. The ABC fire extinguisher contains dry chemical, usually a mixture of monoammonium phosphate and ammonium sulfate, the former being the active one. Choosing fire extinguisher types for the relevant class of fire could literally be the difference between life and death. Sign up for our newsletter for our latest specials, product releases and safety tips and information. In the second case, equipment housing a laser caught fire … Laboratories are one of the few environments where four of the five classes of fire can occur either individually or in combination with one another: 1. However, note that due to how quickly the CO2 gas disperses, this extinguisher is only effective at a relatively close range – about 3-8 feet from the fire. This type works well in laboratories, but can’t be used on fires caused by metals. Types of Halon fire extinguisher. A BC fire extinguisher (I don't know of any extinguishing agent that is just rated B) will knock down the main body of flame but may not be able to fully extinguish the fire. We explain all in our simple guide. While carbon dioxide units will fight flammable liquid fires, they do not leave a residue behind that can prevent reignition. The extinguisher works by releasing materials that stop the conduction of electricity. Each fire extinguisher also has a numerical rating that serves as a guide for the amount of fire the extinguisher can handle. 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A portable fire extinguisher can save lives and property by putting out a small fire or containing it until the fire department arrives; but portable extinguishers have limitations. Buy Carbon Dioxide Fire Extinguishers… Foam aka AFFF The higher the number, the more fire-fighting power. A Class C fire extinguisher is used to extinguish a fire that is caused by an energized electrical element. CO2: A carbon dioxide fire extinguisher works on a Class B fire by expelling CO2 to suffocate the fire, removing the oxygen necessary to keep it burning.It also helps with removing the heat, as the discharge is very cold. Fire Extinguisher Colour Codes (UK) Fire extinguishers meeting BS EN3 are manufactured with a red body and have a band of a second colour covering between 5-10% of the surface relating to the extinguisher's contents. So before buying a fire extinguisher, it is vital to look carefully at what type of fire it has to be used on. There are four basic operating steps. Dry Chemical. These extinguishers work by removing the heat element of the fire triangle and are classified for both A and C fires. The class ABC fires are fires involving: BC Fire Extinguishers are considered a Dry Chemical Extinguisher. This Kidde fire extinguisher is UL rated 10 B:C and is specifically designed to be mounted in cars or boats for personal protection. When used for Class B and C fires, the CO 2 covers the fuel by blanketing it, and stops the reaction at the surface by displacing oxygen. Knowing how to use this simple yet effective fire prevention tool is important for the protection of yourself and others. (Image Source: Gramho.com) What is an ABC fire extinguisher used for? Class C fire extinguishers are effective against electrical fires from live wires, panels, and circuit breakers. ABC fire extinguisher is used to put out the fire (class A, B, C) by coating the fuel with a thin layer of dry chemical as dust for separating the fuel. Holding the extinguisher by the handle with the nozzle pointing away from you, pull out the pin located below the trigger. They can put out both Class B and C fires caused by flammable liquids (B) and energized electrical equipment (C). Class C, D, & K. Class C extinguishers are used for fires on electrical equipment like computers. View our Sitemap Five main types of extinguisher for home use are: Water Foam One of the best dry chemicals for BC fire is Purple-K. All prices are in USD. This Carbon Dioxide Fire Extinguisher is exclusively used in laboratories, mechanical rooms, kitchens and flammable storage areas and is filled with non-flammable carbon dioxide gas under extreme pressure. ABC Dry Chemical (5-B / Old B-I Compliant) Quick Review: We feel this is the … © 2021 by Safety Emporium, a division of ILPI. Pound for pound, these units will generally fight a flammable liquid fire more effectively than a Class ABC extinguisher. It is also not suitable for use outside. Not all fires are the same. Fire extinguishers are classified as types A, ABC, BC or K. It is important to use the right type of extinguisher on the specific class of fire to avoid personal injury or damage to property. There are 2 types of dry powder fire extinguishers – standard and specialist. Class D extinguishers are used on combustible metals like magnesium, sodium, or potassium. Specialty areas, such as the Operating Rooms and Kitchens have specific extinguishers. Carbon Dioxide. BC Fire Extinguishers are specifically used on fires that are fueled by liquids, gases and solvents that occur in the kitchen or in a vehicle or truck. The best fire extinguisher for a lithium-ion battery fire is an ABC or BC extinguisher. Different types of fire extinguishers are designed to fight different types of fire. Water is ineffective as it helps to spread the liquid and the fire. Use the correct fire extinguisher type to fight the fire. What is the proper way to use a Class BC, CO2 fire extinguisher? The gas from the fire extinguisher blew papers and ash out of the trash can and onto other combustible materials creating a second fire. Remember, if you feel that you cannot safely extinguish the fire using the portable extinguisher available and if you have not already done so, pull the fire alarm, evacuate the area, and then call the fire department. Underwriters Laboratories (UL) uses letters to denote the type of fires the extinguisher is capable of fighting, and numbers to refer to the fire fighting “capacity” relative to other extinguishers. Carbon Dioxide Fire Extinguisher. Many homes and offices will either use general-purpose or kitchen extinguishers, but other environments, like laboratories or warehouses, might need more specific extinguishers. Water & Foam. Overview: Water extinguishers are the most common fire extinguisher type for class A fire risk. Fire can arise out of any source that is easily flammable, it could not be predicted how and when fire would break out. Types of Fires. This is the type of extinguisher you’ll want to use on a fire caused by oil or fuel. For example, Home Depot sells the Kidde single-use fire extinguisher[1] for $18. Statistics suggest that portable fire extinguishers, when properly used, are effective for extinguishing fires over 95% of the time. A water mist extinguisher will safely eliminate the fire without causing damage to the equipment. In addition, it's critical to know the difference between various types of fire extinguishers, since each kind is effective for different sorts of fires. Pull the pin. Ratings on a fire extinguisher reflect an extinguisher’s ability to combat particular classes of fires. B&C-Class Fire - involving material like fabric, oil, gases, live electric & delicate machineries. This type works well in laboratories, but can’t be used on fires caused by metals. Fire extinguishers go by classes each made for specific fire type or types, from class A to ABC, BC, AAAF, D, K, Halon 12-11, Halotron, and CO2; below you can see their images and read about each fire class and what types of fire they extinguish. You may still need Class A protection so sometimes it might serve well to have both kinds on hand. Class B combustible gases include natural gas used for heating homes and the butane in your cigarette lighter. They are filled with either potassium or sodium bicarbonate. Carbon Dioxide (CO2) extinguishers: The extinguishing media is pressurized CO 2. Class B extinguishers are numerically rated on the number of square feet of fire they can put out. Carbon Dioxide. The right fire equipment can be the first line of defence against a fire hazard. A 10-B extinguisher can cover 10 square feet of fire. In addition to the above fire extinguisher types, there is also a combination ABC fire extinguisher, available for multipurpose use, which covers types A, B and C fires. This type of extinguisher both cools and smothers the fire. Fire extinguishers are an invaluable tool to help fight smaller fires or to protect evacuation routes in the event of a larger one. It does however have limited effectiveness with Type A,B,C fires and does not work with Class F fire at all. Foam agents… Fire extinguishers are classified by the type of fire that they will extinguish. You cannot use a water extinguisher for a Type B fire,(flammable liquids), as flammable liquids are lighter than water and will float on the surface of the water. 10-B:C Automotive/Marine Fire Extinguisher Having a fire extinguisher within reach can Having a fire extinguisher within reach can help you create a path to safety, and may even help put out a small, contained fire. 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