Those rebels who were arrested in Upper Canada following the 1837 uprisings were put on trial, with most being found guilty of insurrection against the Crown, and several of the ring-leaders were publicly hanged; most notably Samuel Lount and Peter Matthews. 5. Another aspect to the Fenian movement was that Irish citizens didn’t have much money because they are not industrialized and they have an agricultural economy, which led up to the potato famine. Cariboo Gold Rush The peasants and middle class faced a big problem during this time, which were taxes. This wasn’t the only reason the Fenian movement occurred though the great potato famine 1845 forced people from there homeland. Though the rebellion was also caused by famine and poverty on some level, it was the strong French nationalism was the spark that brought about Canada’s first Read More Music of Robert Schumann as a New Stage in the Development of Romanticism William Lyon Mackenzie William Lyon Mackenzie was the leader of the rebellions in Upper Canada. 1. The more they considered taking over the responsibility for their own affairs from England, however, the greater trust they had to place in Confederation.”25 Confederation struck a balance between the rights of English and French speaking Canadians.  The rebellion of 1837 were armed uprisings that took place in Upper and Lower Canada, which is now Ontario and Quebec, in 1837 to 1838. 8. After the rebellion, colonial rule was strengthened. He used his position as the owner of the "Colonial Advocate" to publish articles that were extremely critical of the government at the time. When the war-ended Russia’s economy was strained, by the war effort, and the famine that had spread. Unit III/Chapter 2: Building a Nation, 1840—1867 Rebellion of 1837 This was a major contribution that caused the Rebellion of Upper Canada of 1837. The Fenian movement was when the people of Ireland were forced from there homeland because of the lack of natural resources and military action by the British. Causes of the Rebellion Major Events Important People (Sir Louis-Joseph Papineau) Locations Aftermath; 10. Some of them will behave quiet different from parents’ expectation. 9. This really pushed the colonists to lose their respect for the king because the colonists and the British forces were not cooperating with each other and the British military at one point enforced Martial Law on the colonists. A rebellion, the Upper Canada Rebellion . Effects of Teenage Rebellion The 1837–1838 Rebellion in Lower Canada, Images from the McCord Museum's collections, accessdate 2006-12-10; To the Outskirts of Habitable Creation: Americans and Canadians Transported To Tasmania In The 1840s by Stuart D. Scott and Illustrated by Seth Colby. The two rebellions had similar causes. Northwest Rebellion of 1885 Course Evaluation Chapter Introduction As the British tried to tax them to gain revenues, they were only angered by the lack of representation they had in the decision. Canada - Canada - The rebellions of 1837–38: Political unrest developed in both Upper and Lower Canada soon after the War of 1812. Railways to Everywhere In 1836, the demands of the reformers for a responsible government were again refused by the Crown and a new governor general for the province, Sir Francis Bond Head, was in charge of delivering the news. Although Tsar’s weak leadership may have influenced the Russian Revolution, World War I was the main cause of the Russian Revolution because it destroyed the economy, which led to riots and many people sufferings. long afford to ship things like grain to they're countries. The tensions, ultimately, would lead to the revolutionary war. The question driving this research is what caused the insurrections in Upper and Lower Canada during 1837 and 1838. These three... ... years of drought and crop failures. 1) Seasonal unemployment was predictable since wages for Imperialism: A French-English Split Many people were not able to afford their necessary essentials such as bread, which led to riots. My life had become, forthwith, a rebellion. We publish here the first of a five-part series of articles on the 1837-1838 Rebellions of Upper and Lower Canada. Causes of the rebellion in Upper Canada -The rebellions led to the appointment of Lord Durham and the Durham Report -The source of the problems was the conflict between French and English. He gave most of the government jobs to the English. In fact it caused the government to get back at the reformers and concentrate more on their punishment such as transportation, hanging, flogging and deaths for the rebels, instead of working on fixing the colony. Many of the grievances which underlay the Rebellion involved the provisions of the Constitutional Act of 1791, which had created Upper Canada's political framework. Usually, parents always let children obey what they think their teenagers should do, instead of listen to their children. It also failed to pay the army, perhaps the biggest strain on the nation since the outbreak of the civil wars. Many European Northwest 1800 to 1860 Unit V/Chapter 5: The Prairies, 1870—1896 Chapter Introduction They want their own freedom even though it is not the right thing to have. He was a MLAHe was aggressive in his approach to reform. The Victorian Era ...However, a few years ago, the day I turned thirteen, I dyed my auburn hair, the same shade a share with my sister, a deep, rebellious, black. This problem was the beginning of major revolts throughout Europe. The rebellion in Lower Canada ended quickly. Rebels and guns and a job to be done. Forcing outside political influence led to the first local revolts against the British from 1902 to 1915. What caused prices to fall? Parliament also passed the Quebec Act, which arranged the land in Canada. This rebellion can made teenagers very annoying. Teenagers, overall, rebel because they have a voice they feel is not being heard. Economic Diversity In the Prairie provinces The causes of the rebellion in Upper Canada are unique and quite different from Lower Canada. John George Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, who was appointed governor-general in 1838, wrote an report calling for a merge of the two Canada’s. The rebellion in Upper Canada also did not turn out so good as well since the British military overpowered them. This video has been made for educational purposes. I. There were numerous reasons why many French Canadians resented the government. Cromwell had left them there to create reform, and the political utopia he felt was necessary for England. The Rebellion of 1837 in Upper Canada: A Collection of Documents. market crashed, the Canadian economy suffered after the United States The rebellion of 1837 were armed uprisings that took place in Upper and Lower Canada, which is now Ontario and Quebec, in 1837 to 1838. Like many other attempts in colonies by Britain and France, this endeavor failed in Darfur due to their authoritarian approach. This resulted in small groups of well off men in each colony having a great deal of power. V. Conclusion Copyright © 2000-2020. This was a result of the colonists not being able to follow the new laws promptly, which made the colonists begin to lose hope in their King. The rump appeared to be more interested in issuing restrictive legislature - such as the aforementioned adultery and blasphemy acts -- rather than creating law and social reform. They “want to make more and more decisions for themselves and don’t want mom or dad always telling them what to do.” (“5 Reasons Why Your Teen is Rebelling”, 2012). Three important ones were because of how discriminative economically and politically the government was of their language and culture, how they were given unequal taxation, and for their lack in power over the government. 4. Fashion magazines tell teenage girls that they must wear their clothes to be cool. As well, although the French Canadians had held the majority in the elected Legislative Assembly since the first election in 1792, the British governor still held the real power. This was able to take away any differences of the two cultures, English and French. Red River Settlement, 1860—1870 6. Jan./Feb. He was sent to investigate the causes of the rebellions and to propose changes. Some of the causes were similar, rooted in the governing structure imposed by the 1791 constitution, while other causes developed from each colony’s particular character. Although the Upper and Lower Canadian Rebellions differed, they shared the common goal of establishing a responsible government. Confederation Achieved More importantly it was a battle for righteousness between the French and the English. It has been said that we are on the verge of […] The British North America Act—Canada’s Constitution for it; there are three main reasons why: American-born immigrants also bitterly resented the fact that the government denied them their political rights. ... United States, Upper Canada, Lower Canada. A. B. Blk 2.3 Closing the Door to Immigration Métis Flee Westward 10. Métis in Northwest Before Great Britain became more active in the colonies, they had been independent and established representative assemblies and a form of self-government. When fights broke out in Lower Canada, British troops stationed in York (Toronto) in Upper Canada were sent as reinforcements. The Lower Canadian Rebellion of 1837 stems from a culmination of events that further fuelled the populations discontent with the British Empire. 6. The Lower Canadian Rebellion was a larger and more sustained conflict pursued by French and English Canadian rebels against the British colonial government. 4. ... 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